Photographs and crime sketches are the most effective and simplest way to represent a crime scene by the Investigating officer. They are most useful in supplying significant bits and pieces with exact measurement of the site and evidence where the crime has occurred. The purpose of crime scene photography is to provide a true and accurate record of the crime scene and physical evidence present by recording the original scene and related areas. No matter how well an investigator can verbally describe a crime scene; photographs can tell the same story better and more easily as it freezes time and records the evidences.
Forensic photography is an integral part of trial. And the judgement often is based upon crime scene photographs to prove prima facie evidence. Photography of everything from landscapes to historical events has preserved and illustrated history for the past years. When a photograph of a forged document was presented and allowed as courtroom evidence inphotography as a forensic investigative tool was born and soon became a boon to cases of identification and scene analysis .
Crime scene photography became cutting edge in the s and new technologies have expanded its use ever since. Photographs provide investigators and others with a permanent visual record of the scene that can be analyzed or examined for later use. It provides accurate measurements and distances among objects, which is lacking with sketches.
Photographs are imperative in court hearings and trials as it provides the judge as well as the jurors with a permanent visual record of the scene and evidence that were collected.
Regardless if a scene has been videotaped, still photographs are a must at every crime scene. Although videotaping does record everything, photographs can demonstrate certain things such as direct comparison. Photography should always be employed when it is desired to obtain absolutely objective, permanent and easily controlled proofs capable of bringing about conviction.
It may then be said that photography may be employed every time that there is room to suppose that the camera sees further than the eye, or, if it does not see further, each time that an object should be fixed for future reference . To obviate any apparent untruthfulness in the photograph due to the optical limitations of the lenses used, or for any other reason, scrutiny of photograph taken at the scene of crime should be made in conjunction with a scrutiny of a plan made of the locus of the crime.
This article focuses on the importance of photograph and why they must always be taken in every case where they are likely to be used in the furtherance of the solution of a crime . The first step is to provide an initial appearance of the crime, e. Second, to record an aspect of the crime which cannot be preserved in its primary state e. Lastly, to make visible certain aspects of evidence which cannot normally be seen by the human eye such as any abrasions on the body of the victim like bluish bruise, ante-mortem defence wounds, secret writings etc.
There are quite a number of cases in which photography is useful to assess an object's position and location and its relation with respect to other objects is difficult or impossible to explain; e. When conclusions may be drawn from that position without having sufficient proof for doing so at one's disposal and finally when it is a question of the appearance of wounds, writings, results of arson etc.
Photography sometimes show marks on the face, e. These are old injuries which the lapse of years has rendered invisible to the eye, but they have left blemishes which can be clearly brought out by photography . Colour photography of injuries to the victim, showing their shape, position, size, whether they are vs v8 ute for sale vic or defence wounds, are of incalculable value to the investigating officer.
It is difficult to submit large surfaces to chemical and microscopic examinations but if they be photographed perhaps the places where marks exist will be discovered and the particular spot once found, microscopic and chemical examinations may be proceeded with. Photography is also able to detect various kinds of ink which may have been employed in this way we are frequently able to prove a forgery.
Work is enormously facilitated by making photographic enlargements of the 2 writings. After a long examination of writing especially very small writings the sight becomes confused, so that it is difficult to see things clearly.
The indentation on paper may also be seen using photography in oblique lighting. Also, latent fingerprints can also be photographed in UV and IR lights. Lighting techniques and photography go hand in hand forensically. Similarly, for fingerprints also, photography is the best way of preserving evidence.
Visible fingerprints can be photographed alone instead of lifting prints. Latent prints are photographed first followed by developing techniques such as: powder dusting method, or SPR suspension method  etc. Thus, it is possible to reduce the chances of forgery going undetected and genuine points of resemblances may very accurately be compared and support witness testimony in the court of law.
The latest development of science in allying UV rays and IR with photography have opened up enormous possibilities in criminal investigation.First Officer Attending Despite the variation among crime scenes, there is a standard procedure in place to ensure a scene is handled in an appropriate manner, however this can vary between different countries and jurisdictions.
When a crime is initially reported, the first officer attending will have a number of duties to complete whilst waiting for other personnel to arrive. The FOA must carry out an initial assessment of the situation, dealing with any emergencies as necessary.
What is a Crime Scene Investigator?
Any individuals already present at the scene, including witnesses and suspects, must be detained, should it be necessary to conduct any interviews or even make arrests. If first aid is given, the officer should take note of anything that is altered during life-saving efforts, such as the movement of victims or objects. When scientific support personnel arrive at the scene, the FOA will share any relevant information he or she has gained with them. Crime Scene Preservation The barriers of a crime scene are established, ensuring that all vital pieces of evidence plus entrances and exits are included, and a physical barrier placed around the scene.
This barrier may be crime scene tape, police officers standing guard, barricades or vehicles. This barrier essentially controls who enters the scene, aiming to exclude all non-essential personnel. A log is produced noting all individuals who do cross the barrier and the times at which they enter and exit. As the scene and its evidence may be partially or wholly exposed to the elements, protection from weather damage may be required.
This can be accomplished by simply using clean cardboard boxes to cover the relevant areas, or in some instances a tent may be erected. All individuals entering the scene should wear the correct protecting clothing, which may consist of a set of overalls, latex gloves, paper shoes, and even a face mask.
Upon leaving the scene, all protecting clothing worn throughout the investigation should be collected for analysis to avoid the risk of losing valuable trace evidence. Crime Scene Processing During the systematic search for evidence, a leading investigator will often assign individuals to particular areas of the crime scene whilst overlooking the search for and collection of evidence.
The way in which the scene is processed will often be determined by the nature of the crime. Indoor crime scenes will be quite simply searched on a room-by-room basis, whereas outdoor crime scenes may require a more detailed search pattern.
There are a number of search patterns that may be followed: Zone or quadrant search: The scene is divided into smaller, manageable portions which are searched individually. Lane, line or strip search: Officers form a line and move on side-by-side, covering the entire scene together. Spiral search: The investigator begins at the epicentre of the room and moves outwards in a spiral pattern. Or alternatively the investigator starts at the edge of the scene and spirals into the centre.
Wheel search: Investigators begin at the epicentre of the scene and move outwards, each in a straight line in a different direction.Whenever Laura Spaulding gets a call for a job, prospective clients usually describe the dilapidated, urine-soaked, garbage-festooned premisses they need cleaned as "bad," but "not as bad as the show.
At what point do you disconnect, where you just throw your used maxi pads on the bathroom floor next to you? It's morbid work, but somebody's gotta do it. And who better than Spauling, a year-old retired cop, with a seen-it-all-before, salty sense of humor straight out of "The Wire.
But she grew disenchanted and "the money sucked," she told HuffPost Crime. One day while investigating a homicide, somebody at the scene asked her if she was going to clean up the mess. She had no idea -- so she did it herself.
Part of HuffPost Crime. All rights reserved. Huffington Post. Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. The truth is, it's always worse. There are some jobs worse than hoarding cleanup. They fly around the room like a boomerang.
It's tedious cleanup, and you'll be cleaning blood off of every surface of the room. But hoarders come in a close second.
Spaulding made a name for herself in Orlando and Tampa with her motto, "There's no job we'll say no to. The before-and-after photos of her cleanup jobs will make you want to check who lived in your home before you -- and what they did.
Many states don't require landlords to report the previous renter's dirty secrets.Learn something new every day More Info A Crime Scene Investigator CSI is a professional who is trained to analyze crime scenes, collect evidence, process that evidence, and return reports which can be used by law enforcement officials and members of governments.
The requirements for this job vary widely, depending on the organization doing the hiring and national standards. In some regions, crime scene investigators are also sworn law enforcement officers, with the ability to arrest suspects and pursue various leads in the case, while others are civilians who have more limited abilities.
Most crime scene investigators work either for a law enforcement agency or a company which needs trained investigators, such as an insurance agency which might send an investigator to the site of a car accident to determine whether or not the insurance agency will pay for the accident. Typically, an organization has a tiered system for CSIs, just like the system used for law enforcement.
Each CSI must have different qualifications to reach various tiers; the more qualified, the more money he or she can potentially make. In the lab, a crime scene investigator can process evidence to lift fingerprints and gather information about the site of the crime.
The Dirty, Stinking Truth About Real-Life Hoarders (GRAPHIC, NSFW)
For example, a CSI might look for hair, skin, or fiber samples so that a case can be built up against a suspect. He or she might also use various techniques to lift fingerprints from evidence so that these fingerprints can be used in the course of the investigation. Some CSIs actually specialize specifically in fingerprints, and they pride themselves on being able to lift fingerprints from almost anything.
In the field, the investigator secures a crime scene to ensure that no evidence is compromised. He or she collects any and all evidence which might have a bearing on the case, and the CSI is also responsible for maintaining a chain of custody for the evidence to ensure that it is not compromised between the field and the lab.Crime Scene Clean-Up: Dying Alone
Some field investigators specialize in forensic photographydocumenting crime scenes with the assistance of a camera; many CSIs use very high quality digital cameras so that they can instantly check on photo quality and take additional shots if needed. Working conditions for a crime scene investigator can be tough. CSIs are often on-call, meaning that they can be called out to a crime scene at any time. The job can also be emotionally grinding or very frustrating.
Many CSIs spend a lot of time on their feet and a fair amount of time driving, and they must also be prepared to testify in court, and sometimes to defend their findings against various challenges. The position can also, of course, be very rewarding when a criminal is brought to justice.
It was a good article, but I wish there was more information on skills needed, job responsibilities, etc. I think it would be sweet to be able to work in a lab, and lift finger prints, and work at a crime scene.
I find it interesting that CSI's have many tasks within their jobs, and they have smaller jobs within their main one.
Pretty cool. This is my passion. I love solving problems and traveling. This article was good and helped me a lot on what I needed to know. Thank you, article writer. I watch csi and as I was reading the article I felt like I was watching it. I never watched the CSI shows or anything so all of this is new to me.
I took notes and now I feel like I really know about this.This was especially true for children, whose mortality rate was much higher than it is now. In these early days, no one really posed the bodies or cleaned them up.
A poorer family might lay a nice dress across the body of a person who died in shabbier clothes before a photographer took a picture, but there was little beautifying of the corpse. Because people during this period died in their homes rather than hospitals, photographers made house calls to take these pictures.
Americans kept the photos in hard cases that they might display on their mantel or keep in private. In Europe, it was more common to frame these photos and hang them on the wall.
Europeans also took pictures of dead celebrities like Victor Hugo and sold them as cards. Towards the turn of the century, parents and photographers began to pose their deceased children for these photos by fixing their hair, dressing them up or even opening their eyes. Family members and photographers would also place certain objects in the picture to symbolize life, death and the constant march of time.
Other symbols included an upside-down watch, an hourglass or flowers. Post-mortem photographs became less common in the 20th century as death moved into medical facilities and photography became cheaper and more accessible. Once it became common for people of different income levels to have pictures taken during their life, there was less need to capture their image in death.
But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. This Day In History. With His Family.Until a few decades ago, the task of cleaning up after a loved one died fell to family and friends, potentially adding trauma on top of an already terrible event.
In the s, a small group of companies and entrepreneurs sprang up to tackle the problem, specializing in the removal of blood, fluids, human tissue, and hazardous substances. The phrase crime scene cleanup brings to mind police tape and furrow-browed detectives. In reality, only a fraction of the calls these companies receive—which can come from family members, property managers, hotel owners, or anyone with a dead body on their property—are the result of a major crime.
Unattended natural death i. Glenn Cox, general manager at Southern Bio-Recoverywhich has four locations in the Southeast, says that only about 30 percent of the 60 to death scenes his company handles every year are homicides. To pay the bills, it's common for companies to supplement with other kinds of biohazard removal, whether that's removing tear gas from a property after it's been used by law enforcement or getting rid of meth labs.
Cox says that Southern Bio-Recovery also cleans up hoarding situations and decontaminates homes after viral or bacterial incidents—think MRSA or hepatitis outbreaks. Exposure to death—and the chaos it wreaks on family members—also provides valuable experience in the emotional and physical challenges inherent in cleanup.
The certification requirements for crime scene cleaners range from nonexistent to uneven, so most training happens in-house. James Michel, CEO at Bio Recovery —which has 22 branches around the country—says all of his company's employees are taken to a special training facility at their headquarters in New York state.
We recreate crime scenes with sheet rock, toilets, tile, and [trainees are] able to break it down. We have decontamination stations that are permanently set up so they can walk in and out of and really grasp how to do this on a day-to-day basis. We had an apartment building where it went from the third floor to the first floor. As you might expect, cleaning up the blood, fluids, and tissue left in the wake of a violent death or long-undiscovered decomposition takes more than bleach and elbow grease.
The first step is detection of every spot, splatter, or shard. When dealing with brain matter—which tends to harden to a cement-like consistency—Berg prefers to use an enzyme cleaner that, when absorbed by the tissue, softens it just enough to allow it to be removed with a scraper. Every technician wears personal protective equipment a. PPE; think lined suits, booties, layers of gloves and respirators to guard against blood- and air-borne pathogens, but it can be hard to avoid a quick waft now and then.
That's because cats could mean cat pee. Cat spray is the hardest odor to remove. He's seen professionals in his office and around the industry turn over at a rapid rate. Because everyone deals with grief differently, a crime scene cleanup tech has to be prepared for every kind of human interaction.
We understand their situation and let them know that time heals. This is part of the healing process as well. Experienced techs and owners talk about the importance of separating their work and home lives. Still, not everyone is gifted with the ability to disengage and even those who can may find the toll adds up over time. Several of the people we spoke to said their companies provide paid counseling for techs on a confidential, request-by-request basis. We take care of everything," Michel notes.
Techs have to find a way to work amid all that emotion.Thanks for connecting! You're almost done. Connect to your existing Cracked account if you have one or create a new Cracked username. Let's say you die in some spectacular way Who the hell cleans up the gunk that used to be you? The cops aren't paid to mop up brains, and grieving families aren't generally equipped to scrub their loved ones out of the carpet. We talked to some biohazard cleaning technicians -- folks who handle messes too dangerous or terrifying for mortal maids.
Here's what they told us:. Crime scene cleaners don't just pull teeth out of walls for a living. Dale Cillian is a biohazard cleaning technician whose duties include "Responding to crime scenes, deaths, accidents, hoarding and extreme cleanup situations. Our job was to sanitize any holding cell or squad car that they may have had someone bleed or vomit in. Some of the other jobs we did were cleaning up 'hobo camps' and cleaning up the houses or apartments of hoarders, usually at the request of the family or landlord, and occasionally the county.
We also cleaned up after some highly contagious diseases, mostly bloodborne pathogens. Really, any job that was a potential biohazard. A few jobs have been high-profile. It was a new and strange experience to see jobs I was working on in the news. Apparently, you need a certain stoic sensibility to do these jobs.
We're sure that Magic Marker-ing up Ebola was indeed "a new experience" -- though we'd use a few more adjectives to describe it. Likely some profanity, too. Another possible assignment is medical pickup, in which technicians will retrieve used materials from a hospital or doctor's office and transport it to a lab for autoclaving.